The SFCG was established in order to provide a less formal and more flexible environment, as compared to the official organs of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) (i.e., Radiocommunication Bureau (RB); Radio Communication Study Groups (SG) of the Radiocommunication Sector), for the solution of frequency management problems encountered by member space agencies. The Terms of Reference and other aspects of SFCG organization and procedures may be found in Section II of the
The SFCG is concerned with the effective use and management of those radio frequency bands that are allocated by the Radio Regulations of the ITU to the Space Research, Space Operations, Earth Exploration Satellite, and Meteorological Satellite services. The Group will also concern itself with feeder links and data relay satellites operated in connection with these services, and with satellite-borne radio astronomy (including radar astronomy). Within the formal framework of the Radio Regulations, there is the need and opportunity for international informal agreement among participating space agencies concerning assignment of specific frequencies, and related technical issues.
The principal result of SFCG meetings is the adoption of resolutions and recommendations which express technical and administrative agreements. These agreements may be used by space agencies to make best use of allocated bands and to avoid interference.
The effectiveness of SFCG recommendations depends upon voluntary acceptance and use by member agencies. There is no formal process by which agencies formally agree to accept and be bound by SFCG recommendations.
Agency representatives that participate in SFCG meetings are generally expected to be able to speak for their agencies in an informed way and to be able to influence compliance with SFCG recommendations.
Details can be found in the
SFCG Method of Operation.